Turkish Embassy in Tallinn

Info Notes

Relations between Turkey and Estonia, 22.03.2016

Turkey’s relations with Estonia are based on the “Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation” signed on 1 December 1924. The occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union during the Second World War was never recognized by Turkey. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, diplomatic relations between the two countries were re-established on 2 October 1991.

Bilateral relations between Turkey and Estonia have a positive course and are developing steadily. H.E. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit to Estonia on 23-24 October 2014 was a concrete sign of the collaboration between Turkey and Estonia.

Estonia’s NATO and EU memberships have brought the two countries much closer in terms of common objectives and mutual cooperation.

While Turkey supported Estonia’s NATO membership, Turkey’s EU membership process is supported by Estonia.

In 2015, the total trade volume between the two countries was 396 million USD (exports 118 million; imports 278 million).

The main items of Turkey’s exports to Estonia are textile products, automotive, machines and devices, while the main items of its imports from Estonia are steel and iron, electrical machines and devices, gemstones.

Total amount of direct investments from Estonia to Turkey in the period of 2002-2015 is 11 million USD, this figure is 2 million USD from Turkey to Estonia in the same period.

Turkey is the most preferred destination for Estonian tourists. Around 65 thousand tourists from Estonia have visited Turkey in 2015.

In Estonia, two universities offer Turkish language education. Turkish Language Department in Tallin University has been providing Turkish language classes as well as Turkish history and culture since 1997. Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA) supports that department by assigning a lecturer from Turkey. Turkish Language Department has been established in 1998 in Tartu University, the oldest university of Estonia and the region.

A monument was opened in Rakvere on 14th November 2008 in the memory of the Ottoman soldiers who were held captive during 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russia War, brought to Estonia and died there.

Nearly 250 Turkish citizens are resident in Estonia.